The type of treatment your cancer care team will recommend depends on the type of anal cancer, where it is, and how far it has spread the stage. Perianal tumors previously called anal margin cancers are sometimes treated differently from anal canal cancers. At this stage, the pre-cancer cells are still only in the inner lining of the anus and have not grown into deeper layers. Stage 0 tumors can often be removed completely by surgery local resection.
During a colonoscopy, the doctor inserts a colonoscope into your rectum to check for abnormalities in your entire colon. Rectal cancer can be found during a screening test for colorectal cancer. Or it may be suspected based on your symptoms. Tests and procedures used to confirm the diagnosis include:. Removing a sample of tissue for testing biopsy. If any suspicious areas are found, your doctor can pass surgical tools through the colonoscope to take tissue samples biopsies for analysis and remove polyps.
For more info, and if you live in NJ: Read more. The type of treatment you receive for anal cancer depends on the size, location, and stage of the tumor. Our experts realize that one size does not fit all, and we will work with you to create a treatment plan specifically designed for your unique needs.
Estimated new cases and deaths from anal, anal canal, and anorectal cancer in the United States in [ 1 ]. The initial evaluation of a patient with anal cancer will include a careful clinical examination of the inguinal region and biopsy of any palpable lymph nodes. Anal cancer is usually curable. Overall, the risk of anal cancer is rising due to increased incidence of human papilloma virus HPV infection.